Scientific results using RCCS

 The process of remdesivir uptake into the protein (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase) that replicates the gene of SARS-CoV-2 was revealed by molecular dynamics simulations. Remdesivir has a phosphate group with a negative charge, and the binding site of RNA polymerase has Mg2+ ions. In addition, RNA polymerase has lysine residues, which are positively charged, in a line toward the binding site. It was found that the lysine residue attracts the phosphate group of remdesivir and passes it to the next lysine residue sequentially, transporting the drug to the binding site like a bucket brigade.

S. Tanimoto, S. G. Itoh, and H. Okumura: Biophys. J. (2021), DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2021.07.026, “Bucket brigade” using lysine residues in RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of SARS-CoV-2

Functional dynamics plays an important role when biomolecular machines fulfill their functions. For example, transporter proteins transport their substrates across the membrane by changing their conformation between inward-open and outward-open conformations. Although it is difficult to directly simulate millisecond functional time of these biomolecular machines whose total atoms amount to several hundred thousand, we use techniques such as metadynamics or transition path sampling to uncover molecular mechanism of the functioning moments.

K. Okazaki, D. Wöhlert, J. Warnau, H. Jung, Ö. Yildiz, W. Kühlbrandt and G. Hummer, Nat. Commun. 10, 1742 (2019)

Analyses of ab initio MD trajectories for gold cluster structural transformation based on the global reaction route map clarify the dynamic reaction route going beyond the IRC pathways, leading to a new concept of "reaction path-jumping."

T. Tsutsumi, Y. Harabuchi, Y. Ono, S. Maeda, and T. Taketsugu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 20, 1364 (2018).

Amide compounds are widely used for fine chemicals, medical drugs, and agricultural chemicals. By using quantum chemical calculations on supercomputer, we clarified the origin of the catalytic activity of Nb2O5 surface which performs highly efficient amidation reactions.
P. Hirunsit, T. Toyao, S. M. A. H. Siddiki, K. Shimizu, M. Ehara, ChemPhysChem (2018).

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